Knowing the progressive developmental steps or milestones that learners take towards skills mastery in a given domain is the starting point for effective coaching.
The coach, the learner, and the relationship they create through their coaching dialogue and work together form the foundation of a successful coaching relationship.
Establishing mutual and explicit goals creates the overarching focus for a given coaching relationship and ensures that the coach and learner are on the same page.
Ensuring sufficient opportunities for deliberate practice within an effective learning zone, while building in time for observation, feedback and reflection, creates an effective coaching environment.
Intentionally and objectively observing the learner's performance is the critical precursor to assessing learners and discussing feedback with them that targets their specific needs.
Synthesizing observations based on milestone achievement focuses the assessment on which aspects of the performance to reinforce and to correct when planning learner feedback.
Effective feedback requires an ongoing dialogue between the coach and the learner in order to provide the learner with relevant external data that can be used to guide their skills practice.
Deliberate practice relies on clear objectives about the specific component skills to be practiced, and establishes how the practice sessions will be constructed with available opportunities.
Clear objectives guide how the learner and coach use the coaching enviroment and practice methods to provide the appropriate level of guidance, supervision and independant practice.
Summative evaluation is derived from cycles of formative assessments and other measures. It often serves as the exit point from a given coaching cycle or relationship.